Manual A Little History of the World

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A Little History of the World is a history book by Ernst Gombrich. It was written in in Vienna, Austria, when Gombrich was 26 years old. He was rewriting it.
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The publisher gave him six weeks. He produced a chapter a day -- researching while the sun was out, writing at night -- and reading the week's results to his future wife, Ilse Heller, during Sunday outings in the Vienna Woods. They married in ; the book is dedicated to Ilse Gombrich, who is now It was the success of "A Little History" that revealed Gombrich as a lucid, engaging writer, a brilliant mind made accessible by sparkling prose without a whiff of the academy. It led to a commission for "The Story of Art," which he dictated off the top of his head in between scholarly commitments.

Richard Woodfield, a retired art history professor and longtime admirer who edited a collection of his work, "The Essential Gombrich," in , said the book reflected "Gombrich's deeply humanistic stance that human actions, through and across history, are graspable. Gombrich held off producing his English-language edition of "A Little History," with its Eurocentric worldview, until the end of his life because "he always thought it was too European for the English," his granddaughter said.

My grandmother was agitating for him to do it. So he picked it up and took a look at it; he thought it was pretty good! He planned to add a chapter on Shakespeare, the Bill of Rights and more British history. Two mornings a week, he and Ms. Mustill sat in the front room, crammed with books and musical scores and Ilse Gombrich's grand piano, as he translated the German book into English. He asked Ms. Mustill, who had studied Chinese, for her thoughts on his discussion of China.

He consulted his son Richard, who has been a professor of Sanskrit at Oxford University for 30 years, about his chapter on India. Continue Shopping. Your cart is currently empty.

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Create Account. A Brief History of the World. Course No. Professor Peter N. Share This Course. Choose a Format. Streaming Included Free. Learn the Rest of the Story In A Brief History of the World , you'll survey the expanse of human development and civilization across the globe. Fresh Insights into the Human Experience As you travel around the world and through time with Professor Stearns, you'll also learn about the unique characteristics of each society you visit.

Hide Full Description. Average 31 minutes each. Over the past 20 years, world history has been gaining ground as a way to understand the human experience. In this opening lecture, we review the basic tenets of this discipline and outline its main subjects of inquiry: comparison of civilizations, contacts among societies, and the large-scale forces that shape these interactions. The rise of agriculture was one of the great changes in the human experience. This lecture explores the causes and ramifications of this remarkable breakthrough, as well as other forces that influenced the early development of civilization.

After agriculture, the next step in world history involves the emergence of civilization as a form of human organization. This lecture reviews the key technological, cultural, and political innovations that accompanied the development of civilizations in regions as diverse as Central America, Asia, and the Middle East. The period from B. These cultures expanded on the innovations of earlier River Valley civilizations, but also forged some new elements that would persist throughout world history.

Although each of the Classical civilizations developed distinct social systems, what they had in common was a general belief that social inequality in class and gender was not only inevitable, it was desirable and necessary to ensure the stability of society. While the Roman Empire is more familiar to most Western students than Han China, these two societies, for a span of several centuries, were remarkably similar in some basic achievements.

Those similarities give us an opportunity to look closely at how Classical societies operated in comparable contexts. The classical period is defined not only by regional history but also by patterns of connections among large regions. This lecture examines the two main conduits for contact, the Silk Road trade route to Asia, and the trade nexus centered on India.

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This lecture explores the contributing factors that led to the fall, within a short time span, of several major Classical societies: the Roman Empire, the Han Dynasty in China, and the Gupta Empire in India. The Postclassical Period has been a subject of debate among scholars of world history. The traditional view of this era as "The Middle Ages" assumes a European focus and ignores the striking vitality of the era. This lecture explores a more useful definition of the period, which focused on the spread of world religions and the emergence of a world network. The Postclassical period saw the crucial geographical expansion of Buddhism and Christianity, as well as the origins and expansion of Islam.

This lecture takes a look at the causes for this expansion and its effects, both for world societies and for the various belief systems. While the spread of Islam fits within patterns of expanding world religions, Islam and the Arab society involved with it clearly gained particular importance and a position of power during the Postclassical period. The increase of interregional trade in the Postclassical centuries brought many changes, including innovations in shipping technology and mapping, new opportunities for venturesome travelers, the development of missionary activity, and the exchange of new technologies.

Japan, Russia, Southeast Asia, and Western Europe offer examples of relatively young societies that copied key aspects of culture, technology, and social structure from neighboring societies. This lecture explores the questions raised by traditional concepts of Western civilization. Is there a straight line of influence from the early high civilizations of Egypt and Mesopotamia to the Western tradition? What are the distinctive features of Western civilization, and when do they appear?

World history between the early 13th and the midth century was dominated by the conquests of the Mongols. Despite their reputation as bloodthirsty conquerors, world history has rehabilitated the Mongols and brought to light their tolerant—even enlightened—policies of rule. Because of its isolation, the New World does not fully fit the larger patterns of the period and, because of later cultural devastation, the heritage of these civilizations had limited impact.

African kingdoms, on the other hand, were deeply connected to the large world network of the time. A number of crucial changes, including explorations by European down the African coast, explorations by China, and the fall of the Byzantine Empire, set the stage for the next period in world history. For the first time, international trade encompassed the entire globe, including new contacts with the Americas, Pacific Oceania, and Australia.

Results included the emergence of Europe's overseas colonies and the rise of several large "Gunpowder Empires" in Asia. This lecture uses sociologist Immanuel Wallerstein's theories of core and peripheral societies to understand these developments. This lecture examines pivotal changes that occurred in Western civilization during the postmodern period, and focuses on the features that had the most impact: growing commercialization, the emergence of the nation state, and the rise of new cultural products such as scientific thought and activity.

Early modern Russia is a special case in world history. This lecture reviews major changes during the early modern period in Asian societies including the Ottoman, Safavid, and Mughal empires, the Ming and Qing dynasties in China, and Japan. European domination through growing military and manufacturing power advances the industrial revolution and increased levels of international connection, which might be called the first stage of contemporary globalization. Formal systems of coercive labor were largely abolished around the world during the Long 19th Century, giving way to new humanitarian thinking.

Other factors, including changes in world demography and migration, also affect this global shift. This lecture examines the emergence of two trends that will continue to influence world history: modernization and nationalism. These trends result from growing political and economic rifts among societies. Crucial developments in Latin America in the 19th century included many nations establishing independence and the political problems that followed, and the blossoming of a distinctly Latin American culture.

China and Japan shared many characteristics, yet their reactions to new Western pressure and the dynamics of the world economy were strikingly different, setting up two separate East Asian models whose impact is still strong today. Enormous changes transpire over the 20th century.

World wars dilute Western dominance and Pacific Rim nations gain economic power. Political change occurs as well—monarchies topple and are replaced by new forms of rule. The 20th century saw an unprecedented number of political and social revolutions. This lecture reviews this trend for revolution as it occurred in Russia, China, Mexico, Iran, and elsewhere.

Was the 20th century "The American Century," as some pundits claim? Is the United States a civilization all its own—or is it part of Western civilization?

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This lecture explores issues that arise when the United States is seen in the context of world history. Traditional political forms—monarchy, empire, colony—decline in the 20th century as democracy spreads from its base in Western Europe, the United States, and Australia. Despite this spread, many societies resist or adapt democratic models of government.

The contemporary period has seen sweeping changes in peoples' belief systems with the rise of new ideologies: nationalism, Marxism, consumerism and science. Traditional religions have also gained believers, as seen in spread of Christian and Muslim fundamentalism. There have been far-reaching changes in gender relations and conditions for women, with many reforms supported by nongovernmental organizations and the United Nations.

A Little History of the World by E. H. Gombrich, Clifford Harper |, Paperback | Barnes & Noble®

There are also, however, many forces eager to maintain traditional gender roles. The most exciting development in social science in the s was the concept of globalization, which focuses on the intensification of contacts among societies in the world. This wide-ranging summary of the course places the concept of globalization in a historical context and speculates on the future of this trend. Clone Content from Your Professor tab. What Does Each Format Include?

Standard carrier data rates may apply in areas that do not have wifi connections pursuant to your carrier contract. About Your Professor Peter N. Peter N. He earned his bachelor's degree summa cum laude, master's degree, and doctorate in history from Harvard University. Professor Stearns has written widely on world history, including two popular textbooks. A Brief History of the World is rated 3. Rated 5 out of 5 by Boopie from History of the World the lecturer is excellent -- knows his subject and knows how to teach it.

It certainly enlarges my understanding of the past as well as the present.